Pulmonaria leaves have the capacity to fascinate. Mostly evergreen and usually composed of a mixture of green and silvery blotched leaves, these plants are perfect for areas in partial shade or as ground cover in a woodland garden.

Quick facts


Pulmonaria 'Opal' or Ocupol stands out for me because of its pale green leaves, speckled with silver. Pale pink buds emerge in March above the small ovate leaves and turn into clusters of pale blue flowers. Simply enchanting. This is a compact, neat plant and can be left to grow without any regular maintenance.


In general pulmonarias are well-suited for clay, chalk or loam soil that is fertile but not waterlogged. 'Opal' unlike other pulmonarias is a semi-evergreen perennial and so may lose some leaves during autumn and winter. It also grows at a much slower rate than other types but still forms clusters which many need to be divided every few years.


There are a variety of pulmonarias to choose from ranging from heady reds through to white and blues and some plain foliage types if all those silver spots get a bit too much. However for me, Pulmonaria 'Opal' gives that little splash of welcome colour in early spring that's just right.


Family: Boraginaceae

Average height: 0.1- 0.5cm

Average spread: 0.1 - 0.5cm

Flowers between: Mar - Apr

Soil type: fertile

Sun/shade: Full sun/partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy


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